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Forever
48 ” in diameter x 2 ” thick
100 distinct wood species

There are nearly 10,000 species of birds. 100 have been lost to extinction since 1600 AD. Most if not all of these are widely considered anthropogenic (human caused) extinctions. That means that 1out of every 100 species is gone forever. Experts believe that extinction rates are now 100-1000 times greater than historical rates (average extinction rates throughout biological history). In “Forever” there are 100 pieces all of distinct species…one is missing…In his book, “The Future of Life”, preeminent American biologist and ecologist E.O. Wilson, states, “If the current rate of human disruption of the biosphere continues,-one half of Earth’s higher life forms will be extinct by 2100.”Each puzzle piece was cut from 8/4 material (2 inch). In creating this piece, I collected over 100 distinct species of wood. The completed puzzle has 100 pieces (minus 1). A small number were purchased from hardwood retailers (in these limited cases care was taken to insure sources were from sustainable harvest (FSC or plantation grown). The bulk of these specimens were gathered in small numbers from individual collections of wood workers, shipwrights, arborists, millers, and urban loggers. A couple of the species are on the CITES Red list of endangered species (e.g. American Mahogany)…these were sourced from my Grandfather’s collection from the 1950’s.

Western Sycamore (Platanus racemosa)

Eastern Cherry FSC (Prunus serotina)

Basswood (Tilia americana)

Beech (Fagus sp.)

White Oak (Quercus alba)

Hickory FSC (Carya sp.)

Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum)

Plantation Poplar (Populus sp.)

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga Mensiesii var. mensiesii)

Honduran Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)

Ponderosa Pine (missing Piece) (Pinus ponderosa)European Steamed Beech (Fagus sylvatica)

Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides)

Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

Carpathian Walnut (Juglans regia)

Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)

Ash FSC (Fraxinus sp.)

Fleshy Hawthorn (Crataegus succulent)

Catalpa (Catalpa sp.)

English Holly (Ilex aquifolium)

Pacific Willow (Salix lucida)

Purple Heart (Peltogyne spp.)

Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Plum (Prunus sp.)

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)

Sapele (Entandrophragma cylindricum)

Myrtle (Myrtus sp.)

Teak (Tectona grandis)

American Chestnut (Castanea dentate)

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara)

Satine (Brosimum rubescens)

Mulberry (Morus sp.)

American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)

Yew (Taxua brevifolia)

Eastern Cherry FSC (Prunus serotina)

White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia)

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Alaska Cedar (Cupressus nootkatensis)

Anigre (Aningeria sp.)

Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)

Santos Mahogany? (Myroxylon sp.)

Madrona (Arbutus menziesii)

Monkey Puzzle (Araucaria araucana)

Khaya Mahogany (Khaya sp.)

Soft leaf Willow (Salix sessifolia)

Monkey Pod (Samanea saman)

Brazilian Cherry (Hymenaea courbaril)

Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)

Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)

Fruiting Cherry (Prunus sp.)

Red Mahogany? (Eucalyptus resinifera)

Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens)

Nootka Cypress (Cupressus sp.)

Common Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Wild Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Dogwood (Cornus sp.)

Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica)

Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum)

Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)

Ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha)

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

English Walnut (Juglans regia)

Birch FSC (Betula sp.)

Jeffery Pine? (Pinus jeffreyi)

Southern Yellow Pine FSC (Pinus sp.)

Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasii)

Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia)

Golden Raintree (Koelreuteria paniculata)

Red Alder (Alnus rubra)

Ironbark (Eucalyptus sp.)

Linden (Tilia sp.)

Indonesian Mahogany (Toona ciliata)

Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)

Shorea (Shorea robusta)

Unknown local Drift Log (not purple heart)

Lombardy Poplar (Populus nigra)

Mango (Mangivera sp.)

Grand Fir (Abies grandis)

Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)

Apple (James Mathews Homestead, Guemes, Island 1876) (Malus domestica)

Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)

Angico (Piptadenia macrocarpa)

Unknown nut (Pecan?) (Carya illinoinensis)

Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra)

Ipe (Tabebuia ipe)

Wenge (Millettia laurentii)

Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera)

Philippine Mahogany (Toona calantis)

Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera)

Aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)

Blood wood (Brosimum rubescens)

Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

Pear (Pyrus sp.)

Balau (Shorea plagata)

Disclaimer: All botanical names are derived from the common names given by those individuals from whom the wood samples were gathered. Every effort has been made to maintain accuracy within the scope of this project. No laboratory tests were made to guarantee identification.

Treasure
48 ” in diameter x 2 ” thick
100 distinct wood species
$4500

Peter Raven, past president of American Association for the Advancement of Science, states, “We have driven the rate of extinction, the permanent loss of species, up several hundred times beyond historical levels, and are threatened with the loss of a majority of all species by the end of the 21st century.

Each puzzle piece was cut from 8/4 material (2 inch). In creating this piece, The completed puzzle has 100 pieces (minus 1). In creating this piece, I collected over 100 distinct species of wood.  A small number were purchased from hardwood retailers (in these limited cases care was taken to insure sources were from sustainable harvest (FSC or plantation grown).  The bulk of these specimens were gathered in small numbers from individual collections of wood workers, shipwrights, arborists, millers, and urban loggers.  A couple of the species are on the CITES Red list of endangered species (e.g. American Mahogany)…these were sourced from my Grandfather’s collection from the 1950’s.

  • American Mahogany (Grandfather’s collection) (Swietenia macrophylla)
  • Hard Rock Maple (Acer saccharum)
  • Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
  • Basswood (Tilia Americana)
  • Northern Red Oak FSC (Quercus rubra)
  • Hickory FSC (Carya sp.)
  • Yew (Taxua brevifolia)
  • Plantation Poplar (Populus sp.)
  • Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga Mensiesii var. mensiesii)
  • Juniper (NM Fox Farm 1800’s)(Juniperus sp.)
  • Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
  • Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)
  • European Steamed Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
  • Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)
  • Angico (Piptadenia macrocarpa)
  • Soft leaf Willow (Baccharis brachyphylla)
  • Carpathian Walnut (Juglans regia)
  • Ash FSC (Fraxinus sp.)
  • Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • Sitka Spruce (picea sitchensis)
  • Madrone (Arbutus menziesii)
  • Willow-leaved cottonwood  (Populus angustifolia)
  • Philippine Mahogany (Toona calantis)
  • Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)
  • Anigre (Aningeria sp.)
  • Dogwood (Cornus sp.)
  • Lombardi Poplar (Populus nigra)
  • Brazilian Cherry DP (Hymenaea courbaril)
  • Fleshy Hawthorn? (Crataegus succulent)
  • New Mexico Maple (Acer glabrum)
  • Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)
  • Western Sycamore (Platanus racemosa)
  • Mulberry (Morus sp.)
  • American Sycamore(Platanus occidentalis)
  • Noble Fir (Abies procera)
  • Cherry FSC (Prunus sp.)
  • Red Alder  (Alnus rubra)
  • Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
  • Alaskan Cedar (Cupressus nootkatansis)
  • Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • Southern Yellow Pine ES (Pinus sp.)
  • Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasii)
  • Deodar Cedar  (Cedrus deodara)
  • Strawberry Tree (arbutus unedo)
  • Mahogany sp  not Kaya
  • Golden Raintree (Koelreuteria paniculata)
  • English Walnut MW (Juglans regia)
  • Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
  • American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
  • Balau (Shorea plagata)
  • King Apple (Malus sp.)
  • Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Red Maple (Grandfather’s collection)
  • Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
  • Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)
  • Osage Orange (Grandfather’s collection) (Maclura pomifera)
  • Pecan? (Pecan sp.)
  • Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica)
  • Mahogany ssp. (
  • Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Myrtle (Lagerstoemia)
  • Crab Apple  (Malus sp.)
  • Red Oak dad (Quercus rubra)
  • Pear (Pyrus)
  • Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptyostroboides)
  • Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
  • Monkey Puzzle (Araucaria araucana)
  • Sapele (Entandrophragma cylindricum)
  • Japanese Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)
  • Unknown, similar to Teak (Tectona grandis) 
  • Madrona (Arbutus mensiesii)
  • Atlas Cedar(Cedrus atlantica)
  • Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
  • Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
  • Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
  • Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum)
  • English Holly (Ilex aquifolium)
  • Beech (Fagus sp.)
  • Indonesian Mahogany (Toona ciliata)
  • Apple (James Mathews Homestead Apple, Guemes, WA 1876) (Malus domestica)
  • Yellow Heart ES (Euxylophora paraensis)
  • Unknown (local Drift log, not purple heart)
  •  White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia)
  • Plum (Prunus sp.)
  • Birch FSC (Betula sp.)
  • Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)
  • Elm (Ulmus sp.)
  • American Chestnut! (Castanea dentate)
  • Nootka Cypress (Cupressus sp.)
  • Bloodwood (Brosimum rubescens)
  • Purple Heart (Peltogyne spp.)
  • Ipe (Tabebuia ipe)
  • Cottonwood (Populus deltoids)
  • Ironbark (Eucalyptus sp.)
  • American Holly (Ilex opaca)
  • Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)
  • Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia)
  • Balau (Shorea plagata)
  • Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)

Disclaimer:  All botanical names are derived from the common names given by those individuals from whom the wood samples were gathered.  Every effort has been made to maintain accuracy within the scope of this project.  No laboratory tests were made to guarantee identification.